Deux études sur le sujet de l'hébérgement en âge préscolaire. En cliquant sur les titres vous aurez accès à  l'étude complète.

➤ Les enfants d'âge préscolaire vivant en garde partagée présentent moins de symptômes psychologiques que ceux qui vivent principalement ou uniquement avec un de leurs parents - Malin Bergström, 2018


Aim: Joint physical custody (JPC), where children spend about equal time in both parent's homes after parental separation, is increasing. The suitability of this practice for preschool children, with a need for predictability and continuity, has been questioned. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we used data on 3656 Swedish children aged three to five years living in intact families, JPC, mostly with one parent or single care. Linear regression analyses were conducted with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, completed by parents and preschool teachers, as the outcome measure. Results: Children in JPC showed less psychological problems than those living mostly (adjusted B 1.81; 95% CI [0.66 to 2.95]) or only with one parent (adjusted B 1.94; 95% CI [0.75 to 3.13]), in parental reports. In preschool teacher reports, the adjusted Betas were 1.27, 95% CI [0.14 to 2.40] and 1.41, 95% CI [0.24 to 2.58], respectively. In parental reports, children in JPC and those in intact families had similar outcomes, while teachers reported lower unadjusted symptom scores for children in intact families. Conclusion: Joint physical custody arrangements were not associated with more psychological symptoms in children aged 3-5, but longitudinal studies are needed to account for potential preseparation differences.

➤ Should Infants and Toddlers Have Frequent Overnight Parenting Time with fathers ? - William V. Fabricius, 2016


Whether children of separated parents 2 years of age and younger should have frequent overnightparenting time with noncustodial fathers has been the subject of much debate but little data. Contrary tosome previous findings, the current study found benefits to both parent-child relationships associatedwith overnights (a) up to and including equal numbers of overnights at both parents' homes, (b) for boththe long-term mother-child and father-child relationships, and (c) both when children were 2 years old,as well as when they were under 1 year of age. These benefits held after controlling for subsequentparenting time with fathers in childhood and adolescence, parent education and conflict up to 5 years afterthe separation, and children's sex and age at separation. While the findings do not establish causality theyprovide strong support for policies to encourage frequent overnight parenting time for infants andtoddlers, because the benefits associated with overnights also held for parents who initially agreed aboutovernights as well as for those who disagreed and had the overnight parenting plan imposed over 1parent's objections. The observed benefits for the long-term father-child relationship are consistent withfindings from intervention studies showing that fathers who are more involved with infants and toddlersdevelop better parenting skills and relationships with their children.