Trois études sous la direction de Nicole E Mahrer (Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, University of La Verne, Californie) autour du thème des responsabilités parentales partagées, la qualité des rôles parentaux et leurs effets sur les enfants issus de divorces.
âž¤ Le partage des responsabilités parentales aide-t-il ou blesse-t-il les enfants de familles divorcées en situation de conflit élevé? (Anglais) - paru dans "Journal of Divorce & Remarriage" Avril 2018, de Nicole E Mahrer, Karey O'Hara, Irwin N. Sandler, Sharlene A. Wolchik
Despite a recent shift in the allocation of parenting time arrangements following divorce, there is no clear consensus regarding the effects of shared parenting on children's adjustment in high-conflict families. We propose key questions and methodological options to increase the ability of results from well-designed empirical studies to inform practice and policy. We review 11 studies of relations between parenting time and parenting quality with children's adjustment in high-conflict divorced families. Despite heterogeneity of methods used across the studies, some tentative conclusions can be made based on findings of multiple studies. Higher levels of shared parenting were related to poorer child adjustment in samples with high conflict many years following the divorce, but typically not in samples that assessed conflict during the divorcing process or in the 2 or 3 years following the divorce. There is also evidence that the effects of shared parenting on child adjustment in the presence of high conflict differs by gender, and that high quality of parenting by at least 1 parent is associated with better child adjustment in high-conflict divorces. Implications for policy and practice are discussed as well as directions for research to strengthen the knowledge base to inform policy.
âž¤ Effets d'un programme de médiation parentale préventive pour les familles divorcées sur la transmission intergénérationnelle des attitudes parentales chez les jeunes adultes (anglais) - paru dans "Child Development" Juin 2014, de Nicole E Mahrer, Emily Winslow, Sharlene A Wolchik, Jenn-Yun Tein
This study evaluates whether the New Beginnings Program (NBP), a parenting intervention for divorced mothers, led to positive parenting attitudes in young adult offspring. Data were collected from 240 mothers (G1) and offspring (G2) at ages 9-12 and again in adolescence and young adulthood. Alternative theoretical models were tested to examine mediators of NBP effects on G2 parenting attitudes. Significant interactions between condition and baseline G1 parenting indicated that NBP improved G2's parenting attitudes for those exposed to poorer G1 parenting at program entry. Effects on G2 warm attitudes were partially mediated through program effects on G1 warm parenting. The implications of improving parenting attitudes in offspring who experience parental divorce on well-being in the next generation are discussed.
âž¤ Qualité du rôle parental maternel et paternel après la séparation et le divorce : recherche appliquée pour le tribunal de la famille (anglais) - Janvier 2012, de Irwin Sandler, Nicole E Mahrer, Emily Winslow, Sharlene A Wolchik
Prior research indicates that the positive quality of mothers' parenting and the family environment following divorce, including acceptance, communication, consistent discipline, support, and regular family routines, are consistently associated with fewer child adjustment problems (see Sandler et al., 2012 for a review). Research on divorced fathers' parenting has also consistently shown that a positive quality of father-child relationship is related to better child postdivorce adjustment