âž¤ Effets de la relation interparentale sur la sécurité émotionnelle et l'adaptation des adolescents : le rôle important des pères - Paru dans Developmental Psychology, octobre2016
Go Woon Suh and William V. Fabricius (Arizona State University, Tempe Campus), Matthew M. Stevenson (University of Michigan), Ross D. Parke (University of California, Riverside), Jeffrey T. Cookston (San Francisco State University), Sanford L. Braver and Delia S. Saenz (Arizona State University, Tempe Campus)
We examined the mediational roles of multiple types of adolescents' emotional security in relations between multiple aspects of the interparental relationship and adolescents' mental health from ages 13 to 16 (N 392). General marital quality, nonviolent parent conflict, and physical intimate partner violence independently predicted mental health. Security in the father-adolescent relationship, over and above security with the mother and security in regard to parent conflict, mediated the link from general marital quality to adolescents' mental health. With 2 exceptions, paths were stable for boys and girls, biological-and stepfathers, and Anglo- and Mexican Americans. The findings reveal the need to expand the traditional foci on parent conflict and relationships with mothers to include general marital quality and relationships with fathers.
William V Fabricius, Arizona State University
This chapter reviews several sources of evidence bearing on the question of whether equal parenting time with both parents is in the best interests of children of divorce. First, the scientific evidence consists of correlational findings that meet four conditions necessary for a causal role of parenting time: A legal context that constrains the possibility of self-selection; a â€œdose-responseâ€ association between parenting time and fatherchild relationships; positive outcomes when parents disagree and courts impose more parenting time; and negative outcomes when relocations separate fathers and children. Second, the cultural evidence is that norms about parenting roles have changed in the last generation, and this is reflected in public endorsement of equal parenting time. Third, test-case evidence comes from the 2013 equal parenting law in Arizona, which has been evaluated positively by the state's family law professionals. Finally, examples from recent Canadian case law show courts responding to the new cultural norms by crafting individualized equal parenting time orders over one parent's objections even in cases of high parent conflict, accompanied by well-reasoned judicial opinions about how that is in children's best interests. The chapter concludes that the overall pattern of evidence indicates that legal presumptions of equal parenting time would help protect children's emotional security with each of their divorced parents, and consequently would have a positive effect on public health in the form of reduced long-term stress-related mental and physical health problems among children of divorce